Here's what to know all about Mucormycosis.
With the rise in new cases of COVID-19, many new oral symptoms are put to spot light which are challenging and requiring immediate attention. One such new symptom associated with post COVID-19 or recovering from COVID-19 is Mucormycosis.
What is Mucormycosis?
Mucormycosis is a severe fungal infection which is caused by Mucormycetes (fungi). It is most common in individuals who are suffering with severe health conditions which require medication that down regulate or weaken body's natural immune system leading to reducing ability to fight against germs and viruses. It usually affects the sinuses, oral cavity, brain or lungs.
Association between Mucormycosis and COVID-19.
Coronavirus seems to target the body's immunity, therefore reducing the ability to eliminate the virus and making the body prone for various other new infections.
Studies and reports revealed that patients affected with COVID-19 are treated with various medications ranging from antivirals to steroids, even though the medication helps reduce the viral load but causes the patient's immune system to reduce, making them likely to develop new infections.
Further, steroids causes increased blood sugar levels especially in diabetic patients causing them more prone for fungal infections.
Risk factors associated for Mucormycosis.
Patients with high blood sugar levels.
Low immune system.
COVID-19 patients receiving steroids.
How to identify Mucormycosis?
Mucormycosis commonly affects nose, eyes, brain and air sinuses. Have a close look and seek medical help when you find these symptoms:
1. Swelling on the face especially around nose and cheeks
2. Pain and numbers
3. Unusual discharge from nose (bloody or black-brown)
4. Swollen eyes
5. Nasal/sinus congestion
6. Black lesions on nasal bridge or on the palate (inside oral cavity)
Rare symptoms like fever, cough, chest pain, shortness of breath etc even after recovery from COVID-19.
How to treat?
Individuals who develop signs of Mucormycosis must try to seek medical help without panicking. Antifungal medication may help to reduce the condition. Your doctor may prescribe oral/IV/topical Antifungal medication depending on location and severity