Bleeding From Gums
Bleeding from the gums is the one of the most common symptoms and intial sign for gum diseases. Bleeding gums can also indicate other health problems which makes the problem worrisome in some individuals. Occasionally bleeding from the gums is observed while brushing teeth vigorously.
Frequently gum bleeding can also depict more serious conditions like:
• Periodontitis (advanced form of gum disease)
• Vitamin deficiencies
• Cardiovascular diseases
• Respiratory disorders
• Endocrinial problems like diabetes
• Leukemia (blood cancer)
• Bleeding disorders
• Hormonal imbalances (PCOD, PCOS, Pregnancy, menopause)
What causes bleeding gums?
Usually bleeding gums are caused because of accumulation of plaque or food deposits around the teeth, ill fitting restorations, improper handling of tooth picks etc, which causes microorganisms to induce inflammation and redness in the gums called as gingivitis. Improper brushing of the teeth and poor maintenance of oral health can progress the condition resulting in spontaneous bleeding from the gums, bad breath, recession of the gums, loosening of the teeth, flaring of the teeth and swelling, if not treated can also lead to loss of the teeth.
Other causes for bleeding gums:-
• Various systemic conditions may have impact on oral health, of which gum bleeding can be one of the first signs.
• Hormonal changes like onset of puberty, menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause results in bleeding gums.
• Diabetes mellitis which is one of the most common health condition has a major role in gum diseases leading to reverse form of periodontitis.
• Vitamin deficiencies majorly deficiency of calcium, vitamin C, A and K results in gum bleeding.
• Cardiovascular diseases like high blood pressure, myocardial infaction, atherosclerosis may also lead to bleeding gums.
Treatment of Bleeding gums:-
Good oral health is the first step in managing gum bleeding. Bleeding from gums while brushing or spontaneous bleeding from gums should not be neglected. Intial intervention of bleeding gums can reduce the risk of further damage to the teeth.
• Visit your dentist for professional cleaning to remove the deposits around the teeth, which will help to reduce the inflammation in the gums
• Your dentist will let you know if you have gingivitis or periodontitis and will provide you with proper treatment according to the condition, and will guide you how to brush properly to reduce the infection in gums.
• Your dentist may also prescribe you an antiseptic mouthrinse to decrease the bacterial load and to reduce inflammation and plaque, and may also advise you to use soft bristled tooth brush to reduce further damage to your gums.
• Periodic dental checkup twice a year and proper physical examination with blood profile can help in determining underlying causes for bleeding gums, according to which treatment may vary to your condition.